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时间: 2019年12月13日 23:31

Still there was no need to despair. The archduke had yet a great force; there were the divisions of the Archdukes John, Ferdinand, and Regnier, and the Tyrolese were all in active operation in their mountains. But the Emperor, on learning the fate of the battle, lost heart, made offers of peace, which were accepted, and an armistice was signed by Francis at Znaim, in Moravia. The armistice took place on the 11th of July, but the treaty of peace was not signed till the 14th of October, at the palace of Sch?nbrunn. The long delay in completing this treaty was occasioned by the exactions which Buonaparte made on Austria of cessions of territory, and the means he took to terrify Francis into submission to his terms. He even addressed a proclamation to the Hungarians, exhorting them to separate from Austria and form an independent kingdom, telling them that they formed the finest part of the Austrian empire, and yet had received nothing from Austria but oppression and misfortunes. By such means, and by constantly exerting himself to sow the germs of discontent through all the Austrian provinces, he at last succeeded in concluding peace on condition of the cession of various territories to his partisans of the Confederacy of the Rhine, and of Trieste, the only Austrian port, to France, thus shutting up Austria, as he hoped, from communication with England. In all, Austria sacrificed forty-five thousand square miles and nearly four millions of subjects to this shameful peace. Neither were his allies, the King of Saxony and the Emperor of Russia, forgotten; each obtained a slice of Austria. She stood looking round the post, across the white-hot parade ground, to the adobe barracks and the sutler's store. Then she turned and considered the officers' quarters. They were a row of hospital, wall, and A tents, floored with rough boards and sheltered by ramadas of willow branches. � But far different was the issue of the troubles with his Flemish subjects, which, with an unaccountable folly and absence of good faith, he had excited. He sent into the Netherlands Count Trautmansdorff as Governor, and General Dalton, a brutal Irishman, as commander. The latter ordered the professors of theology at Louvain to give way to the Emperor's reforms, and, as they refused, Dalton turned them out by force, shut up the colleges, and Joseph sent back again the German professors, who had been before recalled, to appease the popular indignation. But the colleges remained empty; not a student would attend the classes of the Germans. As the volunteer corps had disbanded themselves, in reliance on the Emperor's wish, Trautmansdorff calculated on an easy compulsion of the people, and he called on the Grand Council at Brussels to enforce the decrees of the Emperor. The Council paid no regard to the order. With his glasses, Dick could observe and indicate any change of direction or any other maneuver. "What you goin' to do?" the boy asked. He was round-eyed with dismay and astonishment. 国产福利不卡在线视频_大香视频依人在线免费_男人福利线观看高清 视频_青青草社区 Unsettled Condition of Europe擬achinations of Russia and Austria against Turkey擠isasters of the Austrians擟apture of Oczakoff擣urther Designs of Catherine擨ntervention of Pitt擥ustavus of Sweden invades Russia擧is Temporary Check擧e remodels the Diet and pursues the War擩oseph renews the War擠isaffection in Hungary擱evolution in the Austrian Netherlands擜bolition of the Joyeuse Entr茅e擳he Emperor declared to have forfeited the Crown擳he Austrian Troops retired to Luxembourg擠eath of Joseph擮utbreak of the French Revolution擡fforts of Turgot and his Successors to introduce Reforms擫om茅nie de Brienne擱ecall of Necker擜ssembly of the States General擳he Third Estate becomes the National Assembly擳he Meeting in the Tennis Court擟ontemplated Coup d'茅tat擯roject of a City Guard擠ismissal of Necker擨nsurrection in Paris擳he City Guard擟apture of the Bastille擳he Noblesse renounce their Privileges擝ankruptcy and Famine?O Richard, O Mon Roi!"擳he Women and the National Guard march on Versailles擳he King brought to Paris擡ffect of the Revolution in England擠ifferent Views of Burke and Fox擱ejection of Flood's Reform Bill擳he Nootka Sound Affair擲atisfaction obtained from Spain擬otions of Reform in the Irish Parliament擟onvention of Reichenbach擟ontinuance of the War between Sweden and Russia擱enewal of the War with Tippoo Sahib擠ebates in Parliament擠iscussions on the Eastern Question擳he Canada Bill擨t is made the occasion of speeches on the French Revolution擝reach between Fox and Burke擜buse of Burke by the Whigs擶ilberforce's Notice for Immediate Emancipation擟olonisation of Sierra Leone擝ill for the Relief of Roman Catholics擣ox's Libel Bill擝urke's "Reflections on the French Revolution"擱eplies of Mackintosh and Paine擠r. Price擠r. Priestley擳he Anniversary of the taking of the Bastille擳he Birmingham Riots擠estruction of Priestley's Library擲uppression of the Riots擬ildness of the Sentences. William Johnson, according to his own statement, "returned to Parliament by Lord Castlereagh, to put an end to it;" a judgeship. � WELLINGTON'S RETREAT FROM COIMBRA. (See p. 604.) Thus occupying the right bank of the Aller, and the French the left, or western side, the Russians advanced to Friedland, not many miles from Eylau. At Friedland was a long wooden bridge crossing the Aller, and there, on the 13th of June, Buonaparte, by a stratagem, succeeded in drawing part of the Russians over the bridge by showing only Oudinot's division, which had been severely handled at the battle of Heilsberg. The[544] temptation was too great. Benningsen forgot his usual caution, and allowed a division of his army to cross and attack Oudinot. Oudinot retired fighting, and thus induced more of the Russians to follow, till, finding his troops hotly pressed, Benningsen marched his whole force over, and then Napoleon showed his entire army. Benningsen saw that he was entrapped, and must fight, under great disadvantages, with an enfeebled army, and in an open space, where they were surrounded by a dense host of French, who could cover themselves amid woods and hills, and pour in a tempest of cannon-balls on the exposed Russians. It was the anniversary of the battle of Marengo, and Buonaparte believed the day one of his fortunate ones. Benningsen was obliged to reduce his number by sending six thousand men to defend and keep open the bridge of Allerburg, some miles lower down the Aller, and which kept open his chance of union with L'Estocq and his Prussians. Notwithstanding all these disadvantages, Benningsen fought desperately. The battle continued from ten o'clock in the morning till four o'clock in the afternoon, when Buonaparte brought up his full force in person for one of those terrible and overwhelming shocks by which he generally terminated a doubtful contest. There was such a simultaneous roar of musketry and cavalry as seemed enough to sweep away the Russians like chaff. The batteries poured down upon them a rain of no less than three thousand ball and five hundred grape-shot charges; yet the Russians did not flinch till they had at least twelve thousand killed and wounded. It was then determined to retreat across the river, and, two fords having been found, the Czar's Imperial Guard charged the troops of Ney with the bayonet, and kept them at bay till the army was over. The transit was marvellous in its success. All their cannon, except seventeen, were saved, and all their baggage.